MILITARY ENGINEERS OF THE CZECH ARMED FORCES
With population 10,5 million, the Czech Republic´s Armed Forces strength is „only" 22.000 in uniform. Military engineers are important part of the Armed Forces and adequately to this fact they have approximately 1.250 members in total. The Czech Republic has been a member of NATO since 1999 which has had influence on its missions and tasks. Based on the Legislative Act, Num. 221/1999, the main tasks of the Armed Forces are:
- preparation for defence of its territory against external aggression;
- execution of tasks issued from international treaties and obligations of the Czech Republic regarding mutual defence;
- international cooperation based on mutual agreements;
- support to peace and security activities, participation in peace support and peace keeping operations, rescue and humanitarian activities;
- participation in military exercises together with foreign Armed Forces on the territory of the Czech Republic or abroad.
It is assumed that the Armed Forces will operate as a part of multinational coalition forces, mostly under NATO/EU umbrella. The facts above determinate the focus of MILENG support provided to Land Forces, Air Forces, the logistics, HNS on the Czech territory, national Integrated Rescue System and support to NATO, EU and UN operations.
Organization and structure of MILENG
Military Engineers consist of specialists on different levels of command, an engineer regiment in the structure of Land Forces, other MILENG units, MILENG education and training institutions and individual specialists within NATO structure. The 15th Engineer Regiment is the main MILENG asset. It consists of HQ, 151st Engineer Battalion, 153rd Engineer Battalion, EOD Centre of Technical and Information Support. The main capabilities of the regiments are to:
- plan, manage, command and control execution of engineer combat support and general support engineer tasks;
- prepare and provide MILENG Task Forces to provide MILENG support to the Armed Forces;
- prepare and provide MILENG units (TFs) for NATO, EU and UN operations;
- manage and control education and training of EOD specialists and provide C-IED training for all units;
- manage and control of provision of MILENG assets in support to humanitarian and rescue tasks as a part of national Integrated Rescue System.
Engineer support will be provided through assignment and deployment of both organic engineer units and engineer battalion task force (BnTF), or engineer company task forces (CoyTF) with rotations.
Other MILENG units within Armed Forces
Generally, each manoeuvre battalion (armoured /mechanized infantry) has one MILENG combat platoon with primary mission to provide combat engineer support to the battalion. In addition to the units above, there are few MILENG units (platoons, squads) across the Armed Forces providing general engineer support to its organization (ADA Bn, CBRN Bn, ART Bn, SOF, training facilities etc.).